There has been a recent outbreak of meningitis in Nigeria, it was first reported in the northern part of Nigerian and now PUNCH News has reported a case in the southern part of Nigeria, precisely Delta State.
It is high time we took proper pre-prevention. The below listed are pre-prevention that we should practice so as not to be a victim of Meningitis
The most effective way to prevent meningitis is to get vaccinated against the disease.
The vaccine to prevent meningitis is also recommended if you’re entering the military, traveling, or planning to live in a country where bacterial meningitis is common.
Don’t Share Personal Items
Meningitis can be contracted when you come in contact with respiratory or throat secretions — saliva, sputum, nasal mucus — of someone who is infected, either through kissing or sharing personal items. You can prevent the spread of meningitis by not sharing items where secretions can lurk, such as drinking glasses, water bottles, straws, silverware, toothbrushes, lipsticks or lip glosses, and cigarettes.
Keep Your Distance from Infected People
The bacteria found in nose and throat secretions can also spread through coughing and sneezing. You could get meningitis if you’re close enough to an infected person to come in direct contact with these secretions. If someone you know has a respiratory infection, keep at least 3 feet away to stay out of the line of fire of any coughing, Vassallo says. Likewise, when you cough or sneeze, be kind to others.
Wash Your Hands Vigorously
Just as with cold and flu viruses, the viruses and bacteria responsible for meningitis can get on your hands and into your mouth. You can prevent meningitis from spreading by washing your hands vigorously, especially after you use the bathroom, change a diaper, spend time in a crowded place, and cough or blow your nose. Use hot, soapy water and be sure to get both the fronts and backs of your hands and each finger
Boost Your Immune System
When you get an infection, your immune system kicks in and works to fight it off. A healthy immune system can help prevent an infection from the viruses and bacteria that cause meningitis. Keep your immune system at its fighting best by eating healthy — including fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins — and by getting regular exercise. Also, be sure to get the sleep you need.
Get Prompt Treatment
If you have been in close contact with someone who has bacterial meningitis, call your doctor right away. Your health care provider can give you antibiotics to keep you from developing meningitis. They won’t help prevent meningitis from the viral type of the disease, but it’s worth seeing your health care provider and asking about your options.
Culled from http://www.everydayhealth.com/hs/understanding-meningitis/prevent-meningitis-pictures